Citrine is the transparent, pale yellow to a brownish-orange variety of quartz. Citrines come in the color hues of citrus fruits, ranging from deep reddish orange, reminiscent of Madeira wines, to pale and saturated yellow hues. Natural unheated Citrine is very rare. The most sought-after stones have a clear, radiant yellowish to brownish red hue.
Madeira Citrine is enchanting, sophisticated and a superbly radiant color. The organic, rich hue of the Madeira Citrine brings a touch of warmth to fashion jewelry, complementing other earthy shades like chocolate, different undertones of green and gold. For those who seek unique, durable, mesmerizing and wearable gem, Madeira Citrine is a fantastic choice.
In Bolivia, Amethyst and Citrine colors can occur together in the same crystal. These unique gems are called Ametrine.
In the contemporary market, Citrine’s most popular shade is an earthy, deep, brownish or reddish orange. Citrine’s attractive color, plus the durability and affordability it shares with most other quartzes, makes it the top-selling yellow-to-orange gem. Even fine citrine has a modest price tag. Large gems remain affordable, as the price per carat does not rise dramatically for larger sizes.
Citrine has been popular for thousands of years and used to be revered for its rarity though that has changed with time. The ancient Romans used it for beautiful jewelry. It was also very popular for jewelry in the 19th century. During the Art Deco period between World Wars I and II, large citrines were set in many prized pieces, including the massive and elaborate Art Deco inspired jewelry pieces made for big Hollywood stars such as Greta Garbo and Joan Crawford. Replacing the simple name of yellow quartz, the name "citrine" was officially adopted for this stone in 1556 when German metallurgist Georg Bauer, known to some as "the father of modern mineralogy," used it in a publication about gemstones and jewelry.
Photos Courtesy of GIA